The Kokopelli legend is considered to be the Anasazi spirit (and symbol) of fertility who brought well-being to the people. This spirit assured success in hunting, growing crops, and human conception.
This figure is so prominent in Native American mythology that he has been compared to Abraham in regards to Judaism or to Paul in regards to Christianity. It is believed, from the study of the history of Kokopelli, that Kokopelli has been worshiped since at least the time of the Ancient Pueblo.
The first known images of him appear on pottery that date sometime between AD 750 and AD 850; however, the earliest known petroglyph of the figure dates to about A.D. 1000. Kokopelli’s image has lasted the test of time and has even entered onto the commercial scene.
The legends and history of Kokopelli vary greatly from tribe to tribe, and different scholars seem to have different opinions about his origins. Nevertheless, the Anasazi, who were first to claim Kokopelli, regarded him as a fertility symbol; not just for people, but for plants as well.